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FreeBSD Wifi Configuration PDF
Friday, 18 May 2012
Let's say we have a TP-Link USB Wifi adapter (TL-WN321G 54Mbps) and we want to configure it to work in FreeBSD 9.x.

After attaching to one our USB port we will get:

run0: <1.0> on usbus4
run0: MAC/BBP RT3070 (rev 0x0201), RF RT2020 (MIMO 1T1R), address 54:e6:fc:94:6e:0f
run0: firmware RT2870 loaded
wlan0: Ethernet address: 54:e6:fc:94:6e:0f

So we notice is detected as run0 device.

To configure we wil first create a wlan interface:

  ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev run0

Then we can scan for Access Points:

  ifconfig wlan0 up scan

If is already up we can just scan for an Access Point:

  ifconfig wlan0 scan

Now, we will use WPA-PSK which is configured for our Access Point. In order to do that create a file called /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf with the following content:


Next we will add the following lines to /etc/rc.conf:

  ifconfig_wlan0="WPA DHCP"

Note: our password should be at least 8 characters long.

Now we will try to connect to the A.P.:

  wpa_supplicant -i wlan0 -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf

If you do not want to run wpa_supplicant command you could restart your network:


Still if you have a second network connection and you do not want to lose that when restarting then use wpa_supplicant command instead of running netif script.

If the connection is succesfully, then you should see associated status for your wlan0 when you run ifconfig.

Last Updated ( Friday, 18 May 2012 )
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